Design And Construction Of A Water Target System For Harvesting Radioisotopes At The National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory

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A liquid water target system for harvesting radioisotopes at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) was designed and constructed as the initial step in proof-of-principle experiments to harvest useful radioisotopes from the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB). FRIB will be a new national user facility for nuclear science, to be completed in 2020, at which radioisotopes will be collected synergistically from the water in cooling-loops for the primary beam dump that cycle the water at flow rates in excess of hundreds of gallons per minute. As part of the development of radiochemical expertise required to harvest long-lived radioisotopes of interest in this environment, the water target system described here was constructed and successfully used to collect a test beam of relativistic Na-24 ions produced at the NSCL. Future studies will involve collecting interesting transition metal isotopes such as Cu-67 from less purified secondary projectile fragment beams. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.