Adrian Zwemer



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Rev. Philip Phelps Jr. and Dr. Albertus C. Van Raalte were among those present at this session of the School Board of the Holland Academy. Rev. John Mason Ferris of Grand Rapids was also present. Two important guests were also present: a Dr. Taylor, vice president of the Board of Education of the denomination and Rev. John S. See, corresponding secretary of that board. Dr. Taylor may have been Benjamin Cook Taylor, pastor of the Old Bergen Reformed Church of Jersey City, New Jersey, or William James Romeyn Taylor, secretary of the American Bible Society. [See Historical Directory of the Reformed Church in America for details. See also a recognition of W. J. R. Taylor's link with Hope College, Minutes of the General Synod, 1892, p. 524.] The visitors were present "to acquire more intimate knowledge of the prospects and affairs of the Holland Academy, inquired after the Nature, power and some of the proceeding of the present School Board of the Holland Academy, concerning which there seemed to be some ignorance or misunderstanding." Both Van Raalte and Phelps spoke to the issues and apparently the visitors were satisfied with the information with which they were provided.




Holland, Michigan


Description of the document and reference to The Joint Archives of Holland by Dr. Elton J. Bruins.

About the collection:

Elton J. Bruins, long-time professor in the Department of Religion at Hope College, spent years collecting documents by and about Albertus C. Van Raalte, founder of Holland, Michigan and early patron of Hope College. Documents were gathered from dozens of public and private collections, making a nearly exhaustive collection of Van Raalte's writings and reflections. It is these documents that make up the "Van Raalte Papers."

Digitizing the Van Raalte papers was supported by the Dutch Culture USA program by the Consulate General of the Netherlands in New York. The project was done in partnership with Heritage Hall at Calvin University, which also digitized its Van Raalte collections.


The original documents are held in The Joint Archives of Holland.


This digitized material is intended for personal research/study only. The original documents may not be reproduced for commercial use in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, without permission in writing from The Joint Archives of Holland.

Meeting Minutes of the School Board of the Holland Academy