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A letter of J. B Sondag "written on request to a brother in the Lord in Ostfriesland,...while imprisoned in he castle of Bentheim. "Zondag said he is in prison because he was preaching the word. He speaks about Rev. Albertus C. Van Raalte's emigration to America of which he did not approve. "Millions of emigrants who left Europe for America were not the best of citizens here." He has read Van Raalte's pamphlet on emigration. He also met Van Raalte and is very critical of him. Sondag apparently liked Scholte more because he sticks to the Canons of Dort. "Van Raalte lost most of this money in a tile factory and his last church in Arnheim [sic] was only able to pay half of his salary."




Bentheim, Germany


In Dutch; translated at Calvin College. Revisions by Nella Kennedy and a more precise translation by Simone Kennedy, 2002.

Description of the document and reference to the collection at Calvin College Archives by Dr. Elton J. Bruins.

About the collection:

Elton J. Bruins, long-time professor in the Department of Religion at Hope College, spent years collecting documents by and about Albertus C. Van Raalte, founder of Holland, Michigan and early patron of Hope College. Documents were gathered from dozens of public and private collections, making a nearly exhaustive collection of Van Raalte's writings and reflections. It is these documents that make up the "Van Raalte Papers."

Digitizing the Van Raalte papers was supported by the Dutch Culture USA program by the Consulate General of the Netherlands in New York. The project was done in partnership with Heritage Hall at Calvin University, which also digitized its Van Raalte collections.


The original documents are held in the Albertus C. Van Raalte Collection (M300) or the Dirk B.K. Van Raalte Collection (M301) in Heritage Hall, Hekman Library, Calvin University, Grand Rapids, MI. The Van Raalte material in Heritage Hall has since been reorganized.


This digitized material is intended for personal research/study only. The original documents may not be reproduced for commercial use in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, without permission in writing from Heritage Hall at Calvin University. Contact the Curator at Heritage Hall.

Letter from J. B. Sondag to