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Emily G. Weigel, Michael DeNieu, Andrew J. Gall; Oh, Behave! Behavior as an Interaction between Genes & the Environment. The American Biology Teacher 1 September 2014; 76 (7): 460–465. doi:


This lesson is designed to teach students that behavior is a trait shaped by both genes and the environment. Students will read a scientific paper, discuss and generate predictions based on the ideas and data therein, and model the relationships between genes, the environment, and behavior. The lesson is targeted to meet the educational goals of undergraduate introductory biology, evolution, and animal behavior courses, but it is also suitable for advanced high school biology students. This lesson meets the criteria for the Next Generation Science Standard HS-LS4, Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity (NGSS Lead States, 2013).