A Response to Chiang and White on the Immaculate Conception
The article presents a response to the article of R. Gary Chiang and Evelyn M. White related to biological data disapproving the Immaculate Conception. Topics discussed include the original sin, modern understanding of the biology of human reproduction, authoring of the ineffabilis Deus, the 1854 Apostolic Constitution by Pope Pius IX and others. Also mentioned are favor of monogenism over polygenism by the Catholic Church and the Incarnation of Jesus Christ.
Mulder, Jack. “A Response to Chiang and White on the Immaculate Conception.” Christian Scholar’s Review 43, no. 3 (2014): 39–46.