Nonlocal Current-voltage Characteristics Of Gated Superconducting Sketched Oxide Nanostructures

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Effects from nonequilibrium superconductivity play a major role in the physics of superconducting nanoelectronics. Notably, charge imbalance arising from the point at which the superconducting device contacts normal-metal leads is prevalent, particularly in reduced dimensions. We investigate nonlocal transport signatures in quasi-1D nanostructures formed at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface. The nonlocal resistances correlate with the bias, magnetic field, and back gate dependence of the superconducting state. We attribute these signatures to charge imbalance or spin-dependent excitations. Understanding and control over these effects are important for further development of superconducting nanoelectronics in this material system, including the ability to probe the interaction of superconductivity and other rich physics in LaAlO3/SrTiO3 on the nanoscale. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2013