Effect of Different Tempo Music on Balance Performance in Fatigued College Students

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Dr. Maureen Dunn

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Music has been shown to have positive effects on posture, while also decreasing heart rate and respiratory rates. Additionally, it can act as a distraction from pain and fatigue. Previous research has shown that music may increase balance; however it is not yet clear if the tempo of the music influences the degree to which balance is improved. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of listening to two different music tempos on fatigued individuals’ postural sway during unilateral quiet standing. Twelve recreationally active colleged-aged participants underwent a fatiguing task on a cycle ergometer and two balance tests: one before and one after the fatiguing exercise. Balance was analyzed using a force plate. Participants stood with their right foot centered on the force plate with eyes open for 20 seconds and then with their eyes closed for 10 seconds. During the post fatigue balance test, slow tempo music, fast tempo music, or no music (control) was played. It was hypothesized that slow tempo music would have a calming effect on the autonomic nervous system and allow participants to focus, resulting in improved balance performance, and less postural sway. Significant results would offer music as a technique for improving balance in competitive and personal activities, such as dance, gymnastics and yoga. Additionally, more research could be conducted to implement music as a form of rehabilitation. This study is ongoing, and results will be available during the poster celebration.

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