Factor Analysis of the Postpartum Depression Risk Factors Questionnaire (PDRFQ) plus the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)

Student Author(s)

Kelsey Otter

Faculty Mentor(s)

Barbara Vincensi, Ph.D., RN, FNP and Nancy Roberts, Nancy Roberts, RN, CCE, CBC

Document Type


Event Date



Postpartum depression (PPD) can have a negative impact on a mother, infant, and family. Developing methods to identify risk factors or the presence of PPD is an important step in helping mothers’ receive treatment. The purpose of this study is to run factor analysis on the revised Postpartum Depression Risk Factors Questionnaire (PDRFQ) given alongside the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). This will allow for the comparison of common underlying dimensions. The PDRFQ is a nine-item risk factor screening tool and the EPDS is a 10-item self-assessment tool. The PDRFQ and EPDS will be administered in the hospital within two days after giving birth, and the EPDS again through phone follow-up at 6 weeks, 6 months, 12 months and 18 months postpartum. The nursing theoretical framework used is Sr. Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model which speaks to how mothers may have to adapt to the change of caring for an infant. A convenience sample of postpartum women will be used. The setting is a large Midwest hospital with the possibility of a multisite study in the future. This is a longitudinal, descriptive, prospective research study. SPSS21 software will be utilized. The overall results and conclusions of the study are pending. This study will provide nurses with the information of how different factors may relate or interact in the development of PPD, thus helping to better understand and predict PPD in patients. Limitations include limited generalizability, limited diversity, and the possibility of skewed results because of the self-assessment of the EPDS.


This research was supported by the Hope College Department of Nursing.

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