Identified Post-Discharge Nursing Interventions for Mothers and Newborns
Jeannette Pollatz, RN, MSN, and Barbara Vincensi, PhD, RN, FNP
Transitions of care for patients discharged from the hospital to their home environment have not been thoroughly studied. Post-discharge telephone calls are a method of maintaining contact with patients during the first 24-72 hour period after discharge, allowing for beneficial transitions of care interventions to occur. The purpose of this study is to investigate themes of post-discharge interventions implemented through a post-discharge telephone call for recently discharged mothers and newborns. Boykin and Schoenhoefer’s Nursing as Caring Theory supports the research project and emphasizes the importance of nurses making patients feel cared for and known. This can be facilitated through post-discharge phone calls. Data regarding the nature of implemented nursing interventions was gathered through a retrospective chart review of post-discharge call questionnaires. The sample size, eighty-eight patient chart reviews, was selected using G*Power 3.1.5. and taking into account the Chi-Square test. There is limited generalizability of the findings from this study because all of the data were gathered from a community hospital in West Michigan. In addition, interventions done by nurses were not always clearly identified on the post-discharge call questionnaire. Implications could be that further education for nurses is needed emphasizing the importance of documenting post-discharge interventions. In addition, persistence is needed in calling patients until they are reached because it was found that a number of patients only received a voice message and were never successfully contacted.
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