Nursing Presence: A Concept Analysis
Professor Donna Garrett and Dr. Susan Dunn
Nursing presence has been a concept that has been difficult to define. It is a concept that dates back to Florence Nightingale; however, it has recently become a concept of interest in current nursing research and theory. Thus, the purpose of this analysis is to define and enhance the understanding of the concept of nursing presence in the acute care setting. A concept analysis based on Walker and Avant’s concept analysis strategy was used as an organizing framework. A review of literature was completed using Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature or CINHAL, PsychInfo, and PubMed using the keywords: presence of nursing, caring presence, healing presence, and the art of nursing with the limits of adult only, published in English and articles from 1999 to present. After extensive analysis twelve articles were included as data. Each article was reviewed for defining characteristics, antecedents and consequences of nursing presence. Key characteristics identified were connectedness, sharing of human experiences, holistic view, and emotional and physical comfort. Results show that continued study of nursing presence is essential for finding further benefits for acute care patients. Further exploration of the differing attributes between caring, nursing presence, and the art of nursing are also needed. Limitations to this analysis include the limited number of databases used, including articles published in English only, and the limited amount of recent literature available.
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