Dr. Kevin Cole
Studies have demonstrated that fast tempo music improves performance on the treadmill, however there is a lack of research on this topic using cycle ergometers. This study was designed to determine the effects of music tempo on cycling performance. Participants (n=12) were recruited through word of mouth and completed a maximal oxygen consumption test (VO2 max) on a cycle ergometer. VO2 max results were used to determine resistance for the following trials using 65% of the power output, which was converted to kiloponds. Subjects then completed a familiarization trial that was eighteen minutes including a three-minute warm up. Subjects were told to cover as much distance as possible in the allotted time. The participants completed one trial each week for three weeks, each trial was eighteen minutes including a three-minute warm up, with either fast music (FM), slow music (SM) or no music (NM) playing. Every three minutes throughout the trials heart rate (HR), distance covered, and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured. It was hypothesized that the FM would yield the best performance (the most distance covered). There was no significant difference in distance covered (p=0.431) or HR (p=0.180) at the end of the trials, however SM yielded a significantly lower RPE than FM or NM (p=0.015). The average distance covered in NM was 8.01km±1.43, SM 8.28km±1.54, FM 8.33km±1.38. The average HR in NM was 172.5bpm±19.45, SM 169.58bpm±19.08, FM 159.75bpm±21.77. The average RPE at the end of the trial in NM was 15.33±1.68, SM 14.67±1.61, FM 16±1.68. It was concluded that slow music resulted in a lower perception of effort when covering a similar distance compared to no music or fast music.
Repository citation: Beaumont, Julie; Deaton, Maggie; Schowalter, Megan; and Van Dyk, Kali, "The Effect of Music Tempo on Cycling Performance in Female College Students" (2014). 13th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Performance (2014). Paper 116.
April 11, 2014. Copyright © 2014 Hope College, Holland, Michigan.