Compression Garments and Performance
Dr. Kevin Cole
This study assessed Under Armour’s (UA) claim of increased power output and decreased rate of fatigue while wearing their long compression shorts, compared to off brand compression shorts and no compression shorts. The study was made up of male participants (n=12) who are recreationally active and formerly varsity athletes between 18 and 22 years of age. Peak power was assessed through a vertical jump test and rate of fatigue was assessed through three repeated sprints with 30 seconds of recovery between each bout. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups, each group underwent three different conditions (1=UA, 2=Placebo, 3=no compression [NO]). Each group underwent a different condition every testing day. They were tested once per week for three weeks with an added familiarization week at the beginning. It was hypothesized that UA will significantly decrease rate of fatigue and increase peak power. By running a univariate test peak power(UA=5494.55 + 512, Placebo=5493.23 + 595, NO=5495.99 + 591, p=.998), duration of the third sprint(UA=34.99 + 2.91,Placebo=36.36 + 2.62, NO=36.81 + 3.87, p=.101), and the difference between sprint three and sprint one(UA=3.49 + 1.79, Placebo=5.29 + 2.75, NO=5.00 + 3.62, p=.181).While total sprint time was significant between the three groups (UA= 100.87 + 5.03, Placebo=101.23 + 4.57, NO=103.76 + 6.99, p=.047). There is a trend that long compression shorts decrease rate of fatigue which could lead to an increase in sport performance.
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