Comparison of Quality of Discharge Teaching Scores on a Postpartum Unit
Sharon Strek, MSN, RN (Spectrum Health); Susan Dunn, PhD, RN
he Quality of Discharge Teaching Scale (QDTS) was used to determine the effectiveness and preparedness of discharge teaching. It was administered by nurses at discharge for patient feedback to help develop changes to the discharge teaching plan. From the QDTS results, changes in discharge teaching were made to focus on what the patient determined as their learning needs. The QDTS was administered after changes were made to determine if improvements in scores occurred. The purpose of this project was to compare QDTS results before and after adjustments had been made to the concept and focus of discharge teaching. The conceptual model for this study was Pender’s Health Promotion Model which emphasizes how health promotion, in this study the quality of discharge teaching received, was used to increase client’s level of function and wellbeing. This study used a between-subjects design via patient completion of the QDTS scale, comparing results between two time frames. The pre-test data included 488 participants and the post-test project currently has a sample size of 307. Participants were women being discharged from the postpartum unit at a hospital in West Michigan. Data analysis involving SPSS statistical software will be used to run correlation tests on the data. Results and conclusions are pending. Limitations include use of a convenience sample, lack of demographic data and data collected from only one hospital. Future implications would be improved satisfaction and understanding in discharge teaching received.
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