Eye Pathologies in Sports
Dr. Kirk Brumels, Hope College
Injuries sustained while participating in collegiate athletics are not uncommon. Injuries are typically classified based on injury mechanism and are identified as acute or chronic in nature. Acute injuries are single episode injuries and are often times the direct result of the aggressive and competitive structure of sports. Chronic injuries have an insidious onset and are often the result of anatomical abnormalities, predisposing conditions, training errors, or repetitive microtrauma aggravated by athletic participation. In addition, injuries can further be classified as either orthopedic or non-orthopedic. Orthopedic injuries occur to the musculoskeletal system, whereas non-orthopedic conditions occur to anatomical structures in various other body systems. Non-orthopedic conditions must be recognized, managed, and treated quickly and appropriately to reduce the risk of long term disability. This specific study presents the case of a collegiate volleyball player who sustained an injury to the eye during a competitive match. It also investigates other common eye pathologies that can occur during participation in athletics. This presentation reviews the pertinent anatomy of the eye, common mechanisms of injury, management, and appropriate treatment needed to reduce or avoid long term disability.
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