Student Author(s)

Julia Dawson, Hope College

Faculty Mentor(s)

Dr. Olufemi A. Oluyedun, Kinesiology

Document Type


Event Date



Extant work suggests peers play a vital role in shaping athletes’ positive and negative sporting experiences. Recent descriptive work has explored the importance of peers in sport by examining friendship quality and relevant motivation constructs (Weiss & Smith, 2002). Although evidence suggests quality sport friendship can foster sport participation, limited work has examined social interactions through social media. The primary purpose of this study was to provide a descriptive account of social media use and satisfaction among youth sport athletes. A secondary purpose was to examine social media use and satisfaction as predictors of sport friendship quality dimensions (positive friendship quality and friendship conflict). Youth athletes (N = 163; Mage = 15.51 years; 73.6% male) provided demographic information, completed an established measure of friendship quality, and reported on frequency and satisfaction of social media use. Descriptive data suggest Texting, Instagram, and Snapchat were the top used mediums for communication. Positive friendship quality shared a positive association with Texting and Snapchat use. Friendship conflict shared a positive relationship with Instagram and Snapchat use. No social media medium shared a significant relationship with social media satisfaction. Multivariate multiple regression analysis showed greater use and satisfaction of Texting, Instagram and Snapchat to predict stronger friendship quality dimensions. This study helps add to the existing literature base by showing how social interactions that take place outside of the typical sport setting may play a role in shaping athletes sporting experiences.


This work supported by the Julia Van Raalte Reimold Faculty Study Award at Hope College.

Title on poster differs from abstract booklet. Poster title: Associations between Sport Friendship Quality Dimensions and Social Media Use

Included in

Kinesiology Commons