Faculty Mentor(s)

Dr. Virginia Beard, Political Science

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Democracy has had a tumultuous experience in sub-Saharan Africa. However, democracy has been gaining traction across the continent especially since the early 1990’s in the so-called “third wave” of democracy. This study explores democratic developments in Africa in order to determine potential factors of influence within the creation and “success” of a democracy, as reported by indices such as Freedom House Index and Transparency Index. In addition to the resulting democracy, this study examines the process of the transition of power from the previous regime of a country to the newfound democracy, and how this is a critical make or break time frame. Lastly, this study also considers the countries that have tried democratic systems, yet have shifted away from democracy in favor of more autocratic regimes and what could be factors that contribute to that shift.