H05-1590.40. Papers, 1865-1921, 2003. 1 folder.


Hope College

Document Type



Cornelius Gardener (originally Cornelis Gardenier) was born in the Netherlands on September 4, 1849, and he and his father, Wynand Gardenier (1819-1856), immigrated to the Kalamazoo area in 1853. His father served as the pastor of the First Reformed Church of Kalamazoo before he died in 1856, leaving his six-year-old son to be raised by his stepmother, Cornelia van Bloppoel Gardenier. He later attended Hope Academy for one school year, 1864-1865. He then worked in business before entering the United States Military Academy in 1869. He graduated from there in 1873 with the rank of second lieutenant and rose through the ranks in California, Michigan, the Indian Territory, Alaska Territory, and the Philippines during and after the insurrection when he was the first to report the atrocities occurring there, until retiring with a rank of colonel in 1913. He passed away in Claremont, California, in 1921. The collection includes research materials provided by the United States Military Academy, Dr. William Kennedy, a letter from Gardenier to Hope College president Ame Vennema in 1916, and the Hope College Anchor newspaper. (G)


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