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Received his A.B. from Central College, Pella, Iowa, in 1951 and his B.D. from Western Theological Seminary, Holland, Michigan, in 1954, and Ph.D. at the University of Edinburgh in 1956. Licensed and ordained by the RCA Classis of Wisconsin in 1954 and served as pastor of the Fordham Manor Reformed Church, Bronx, New York, from 1957-1962, after which he joined the faculty of Western Seminary in 1962. He spent most of his professional career as James A. H. Cornell Professor of Historical Theology at Western Seminary from 1966 until his retirement in 1999. Sat on the jury for the prestigious Religious Art and Architecture Design Awards of the American Institute of Architects in 1995. Consultant for many church building projects, both in the Reformed Church in America and beyond. Books and publications include Guilt, Grace and Gratitude: A Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism (1963), Christ and Architecture: Building Presbyterian/Reformed Churches (1965), When Faith Takes Form: Contemporary Churches of Architectural Integrity in America (1971) and Worship the Lord (1987). Collection includes his papers and correspondence on church architecture, his role as an editor of the Historical Series of the Reformed Church in America, and his lengthy career as an influential member of the Western Theological Seminary faculty and of the Reformed Church in America denomination as a whole.


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