Title

Multifragmentation and Flow: Peripheral vs. central collisions

Authors

J. Pochodzalla, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
S. Aiello, Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universitá and I.N.F.N., 95129 Catania, Italy
M. Begemann-Blaich, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
Th. Blaich, Institut für Kernchemie, Universität Mainz
D. R. Bowman, Department of Physics and Astronomy and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University
R. J. Charity, Department of Chemistry, Washington University
A. Cosmo, Centre de Recherches Nucléaires
A. Ferrero, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitá di Milano and I.N.F.N.
C. K. Gelbke, Department of Physics and Astronomy and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University
W. C. Hsi, Department of Physics and Astronomy and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University
J. Hubele, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
G. Imme, Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universitá and I.N.F.N.
I. Iori, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitá di Milano and I.N.F.N.
J. Kempter, Institut für Kernphysik, Universität Frankfurt
P. Kreutz, Institut für Kernphysik, Universität Frankfurt
G. J. Kunde, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
W. D. Kunze, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
V. Lindenstruth, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
M. A. Lisa, Department of Physics and Astronomy and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University
W. G. Lynch, Department of Physics and Astronomy and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University
U. Lynen, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
M. Mang, Institut für Kernphysik, Universität Frankfurt
L. G. Moretto, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitá di Milano and I.N.F.N.
A. Moroni, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitá di Milano and I.N.F.N.
W. F.J. Müller, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
M. Neumann, Institut für Kernphysik, Universität Frankfurt
B. Ocker, Institut für Kernphysik, Universität Frankfurt
C. A. Ogilive, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
V. Pappalardo, Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universitá and I.N.F.N.
Graham F. Peaslee, Department of Physics and Astronomy and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State UniversityFollow
G. Raciti, Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universitá and I.N.F.N.
F. Rosenberger, Institut für Kernphysik, Universität Frankfurt
T. Rubehn, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
H. Sann, Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
R. Scardaoni, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitá di Milano and I.N.F.N.
A. Schüttauf, Institut für Kernphysik, Universität Frankfurt
W. Seidei, Forschungszentrum Rossendorf
V. Serfling, Institut für Kernphysik, Universität Frankfurt

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-6-1995

Abstract

Multifragment decays of heavy nuclei have been studied at the ALADIN spectrometer system at beam energies between 100 and 1000 MeV per nucleon. The observed fragment distributions signal a universality of spectator decays at bombarding energies . The role of the radial flow for the fragmentation process is explored by comparing fragment distributions measured for Au+Au collisions at in central collisions and at in more peripheral reactions. At both energies the maximum multiplicity of intermediate mass fragments (IMFs) normalized to the size of the decaying system is about one IMF per 30 nucleons but the element distributions show significant differences. Within a coalescence picture the suppression of heavy fragments in central collisions at may be related to a reduction of the density in momentum space which is caused by a large collective expansion velocity component.

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